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It may well be that today it is one of the new wonders of the world, but the truth is that in Mexico, we have known for a long time that few things can match this Mayan city that hides in the heart of the Yucatan Peninsula. The enormous complex at Chichén Itza and the architectural beauty of its edifices convince visitors of a single thing: the Maya were an advanced culture rivaled by few.
It could have been from the heights of the Castle or on the edge of the Sacred Cenote, but someone, some time, experienced the splendor of Chichen Itza and understood that an era was coming to an end. The city was the epicenter of the Maya Post-Classic period, when the north was beginning to exercise its influence. Thus, Kukulcan replaced Ixbalanque and Hunahpu, and the long ornamental tops of Palenque became solid Toltec severity. A metropolis of large ball game courts, public baths, observatories and colonnades, the evolution of Mayan people can be guessed in this “well opening of water sorcerers”.
Informally recognized as one of the seven New Wonders of the World, Chichen Itza rises in Tinum, near the heart of Yucatan. Another more thorough designation preceded it, when UNESCO included it in its World Heritage Site list in 1988. This decision, to be sure, was simple: throughout the nearly one thousand years of history, the city was chronicler of the Mayan civilization. Its architecture reveals the fusion with Toltec culture. In its layout and reliefs, a change in order is outlined, a precise science and a permanent message to the gods.