The Colosseum (Colosseo) is an almost two thousand year old gladiatorial arena located in the heart..Saint Peters Basilica Information
Basilica of St. Peter (Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano) Located in the Vatican City and..Saint Peters Square Information
Saint Peter's Square (Piazza di San Pietro) is located directly in front of the Basilica of Saint..The Pantheon Information
Located in central Rome the Pantheon is an almost two thousand year old temple that has withstood..Trevi Fountain Information
Located in central Rome in Trevi rione the Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi) is one of Rome's most..See all locations in Rome
Located in the Italian city of Rome and situated to the west of the River Tiber the Vatican City is the smallest sovereign state in the world covering just 0.44sq km and is home to around 800 residents.
The Vatican is an internationally recognised independent state with it's own currency, postal service and, albeit for largely ceremonial purposes, an army consisting of the colourful Swiss Guards.
With the reunification of Italy in the 1860s the vast papal state was left with no land holdings when Italian forces took control over Rome in 1870. The Vatican State as it is today was formed when Mussolini granted the area to Pope Pious XI in 1929.
Apart from the Vatican City there are also twenty eight culturally significant sites around Rome that fall under the authority of the Vatican, including the catacombs, the basilicas of Santa Maria Maggiore, San Paolo fuori le Mura, and San Giovanni in Laterano.
Capable of housing 60,000 worshippers the colossal St Peter's Basilica (Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano) is located within the Vatican City. It's sits on the far side of Saint Peter's Square (Piazza di San Pietro) a vast open space capable of holding upwards of 100,000 people. The Square is surrounded by massive Tuscan Colonnades and is home to the Obelisk from the Circus of Nero which is believed to hold Julius Caesars ashes and fragments of the True Cross.
Housed within the Vatican Palace the Vatican Museum is recognised as one of the greatest art galleries in the world and is famous for it's magnificent spiral staircase. Also housed within the Vatican Museum is the Sistine Chapel which is renowned for it's beautiful and intricate frescos - perhaps most well known is the Creation of Adam painted on the ceiling by Michelangelo in 1511.
Another attraction within the grounds that should not be missed are the exquisite Giardini Vaticani (Vatican Gardens) which have their origins in the Renaissance and Baroque era and cover approximately half of the Vatican's territory.